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Procedure Text : Definition, Generic Structures, Language Characteristics and Examples

Procedure Text: Definition of Descriptive Text

Procedure text adalah jenis teks Bahasa Inggris yang mempunyai tujuan memberikan langkah-langkah untuk membuat atau melakukan sesuatu yang berkaitan dengan tujuan tersebut.

Fungsi dari teks ini adalah untuk menunjukkan/menjelaskan bagaimana cara melakukan sesuatu melalui langkah-langkah yang berurutan sehingga pembaca bisa mencapai tujuannya.

Procedure Text: Generic Structure Descriptive Text

Procedure text mempunyai Generic Structure sebagai berikut:

  • Aim/goal (tujuan) yaitu terletak pada judul teks dan digunakan untuk menunjukkan tujuan dari teks tersebut. Contoh: How to Make a Slice of Pancake.
  • Ingredients/materials yaitu berisi bahan atau alat yang diperlukan dalam langkah-langkah melakukan prosesnya. Contoh: The materials to make an omelet are an egg, onion, vegetable oil, salt, and pepper.
  • Steps/methods yakni berisi cara, metode, atau langkah yang dilakukan untuk mencapai tujuan pada teks tersebut.

Language Characteristic

  • Biasanya menggunakan Simple Present Tense.
  • Menggunakan imperative sentence yaitu bentuk kalimat yang digunakan untuk memberi perintah. Contohnya don’t mix, turn on, cut into slices dan lain sebagainya.
  • Menggunakan kata connective of sequence (then, while, next, dan lain sebagainya).
  • Menggunakan numbering (first, second, third, dan lain sebagainya).
  • Menggunakan action verb (turn, plug, put, dan lain sebagainya).
  • Menggunakan adverb. Contohnya: slowly, carefully,  dan lain sebagainya.
  • Dalam membuat procedure text harus jelas, singkat dan informatif sehingga orang akan mengerti ketika membaca procedure text.
  • Memakai kalimat aktif dan pasif.
  • Memakai satuan panjang, berat, waktu, serta kalimat perintah (Stir, put, pour, mix, etc)
  • Menggunakan perhitungan yang pasti seperti misalnya; kukus selama 15 menit, tuangkan 4 sendok teh gula, atau buatlah potongan sebanyak 5 dengan Panjang masing-masing 2m

Jenis Procedure Text

Teks Prosedur Kompleks

Teks prosedur kompleks adalah sebuah procedure text yang isinya merupakan instruksi mengenai cara membuat, menggunakan, mengoperasikan sesuatu serta merangkai suatu barang. Contoh dari teks prosedur kompleks adalah cara menginstall komputer, cara membuat SIM, cara mencangkok pohon, sama menanak nasi, cara mengganti karburator motor dan lain-lain.

Teks Prosedur Singkat atau Pendek

Teks prosedur singkat atau bisa dibilang sederhana, tipe ini menjelaskan secara singkat dalam menggunakan, melakukan atau mengoperasikan sesuatu. Contohnya seperti cara memasak mie, cara minum obat, cara membuat kopi, cara mematikan komputer dan masih banyak lagi.


Teks Kompleks

“How to Insert Sim Card Cellphone”

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Cellphone is a modern communication device which connects one to the others by voice, written message and data. However this device can not work until the SIM card is inserted.

When inserting the SIM Card to cellphone, make sure that the cellphone has been switched off and follow the direction bellow :

First of all, press the locking catch and slide the cover then lift it off the phone.

After that, push two catches in the opposite directions and remove the battery.

Next, slide the SIM card carefully into the slot and make sure that the golden connect arson are facing to the connector of the phone.

Then, put the battery and align it until snaps into its place.

Finally, insert the two catches of the back cover corresponding slot in the phone and slide the cover forward button of the phone until locks into place

Don’t forget to switch on the cellphone. Wait until it is ready to use.

How To Make Ice Cream (Vanila Ice Cream)
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  • 2/3 cup sugar
  • 1,5 cups heavy cream
  • 4 large egg yolks
  • 1 vanilla bean (split and scraped of seeds), or 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 1,5 cups whole milk
  • Spatula
  • Medium saucepan
  • Whisk
  • Instant-read thermometer
  • Measuring cups and spoons
  • Mixing bowl
  • Ice cream machine
  • Strainer
from the eggs. Combine the sugar and the yolks in a medium mixing bowl. Whisk until combined.
4. Warm the milk on the stovetop: Pour the milk into a medium saucepan and place over medium heat. Add the vanilla bean (pod and seeds) or vanilla extract. Bring the milk to a simmer, then remove from heat.
5. Temper the egg-sugar mixture with 1 cup of hot milk: Scoop out about 1 cup of hot milk (no need to be exact). Slowly pour it into the egg-sugar mixture while whisking. This warms the eggs and prevents them from curdling in the next step.
6. Pour the tempered egg-sugar mixture into the milk: Slowly pour the tempered egg-sugar mixture into the saucepan with the remaining milk.
7. Cook the ice cream base until thickened: Return the saucepan to the stove and place over low heat. Stir the mixture slowly, but constantly, scraping the bottom and sides of the pot. Keep cooking until the base has thickened enough to coat the back of the spatula and registers 170°F with an instant-read thermometer.
8. Strain the ice cream base into the bowl of the ice water bath. Straining will remove the vanilla pod and any bits of egg that may have accidentally curdled.
9. Stir the heavy cream into the ice cream base.
10. Chill completely: Leave the ice cream base over the ice water bath, stirring occasionally, until it’s completely chilled. This will take about twenty minutes. Alternatively, cover the bowl with the base and chill in the fridge for three hours or overnight.
11. Churn the ice cream base: Transfer the ice cream base to the bowl of your ice cream machine. Churn until the base has thickened to a consistency somewhere between a very thick milkshake and soft-serve ice cream. In most ice cream makers, this takes about twenty minutes — check the instructions for your particular machine.
12. Freeze the ice cream until solid: Transfer the thickened ice cream to a freezer container. Press a piece of wax paper against the surface of the ice cream to prevent ice crystals from forming and freeze until solid, at least four hours. The ice cream will keep in the freezer for about two weeks before becoming icy.
Notes : You can change vanilla with the other flavour like strawberry, chocolate, coffee and the others.
1. Chill the ice cream bowl, if needed: If your ice cream machine has a bowl that needs to be frozen before churning, put it in the freezer the night before you plan to make ice cream.
2. Prepare an ice bath: Fill a large bowl with some water and ice cubes . Place another, smaller bowl on top of the water, and place a strainer inside. Keep this close by while you make the ice cream base.
3. Whisk the sugar and yolks until pale lemon-yellow colored: If you haven’t already done so, separate the yolks 

Teks Singkat/Sederhana

How to Make Banana Jam

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  • 3 peeled bananas
  • 1 cup of sugar or artificial sugar
  • 1/3 a cup of water


  • First, put all those things out in front of you.
  • Next, take the peeled bananas and slice the banana into very thin pieces. Put them aside in a bowl.
  • Then, fill the pot with 1 cup of sugar and stir it continuously.
  • Next, cook until brown in medium heat. Don’t step away for more than 10 seconds because this will burn if you don’t watch it carefully.
  • Once brown, add 1/3 a cup of water and the sliced banana you put aside. Don’t forget to keep stirring on low heat.
  • When no banana pieces are noticeable, turn off heat.
  • After that, put in a container or covered bowl and put in the fridge until chilled.
  • Finally, frozen banana jelly or jam finished.

How to Make Special Fried Rice with Egg

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Ingredients :

  • Salt as you wish
  • Cayenne pepper as you wish
  • The sauce as you wish. It can be tomato sauce, spicy sauce, or ketchup
  • Pepper as you wish
  • Cooking oil as you wish
  • The second plate of white rice
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 2 points Eggs / as you wish
  • 2 cloves Shallot

Complement: chicken, sausage, bakso, shrimp, nuggets or to taste.


  • Blend the spices including onion, garlic, chili, pepper, and salt.
  • Pour enough oil into skillet and heat.
  • Once hot, add the mashed spice, stir until fragrant scent.
  • Add the eggs and stir until cooked.
  • Enter the supplement ingredients according to your taste, and stir until evenly distributed and mature.
  • Enter the white rice and stir until mixed with all the condiments and complementary materials.
  • If you smell fragrant, lift the rice and serve it on a plate.
  • In order to attract special egg fried rice can be added decoration. And ready to be served.

Read More : Belajar Grammar dengan Mengenal 16 Tenses

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