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Pengertian Report Text: Struktur, Ciri-Ciri dan Contoh

Pengertian Report Text

Pengertian Report Text – adalah jenis teks yang termasuk kategori descriptive. Sedangkan report text itu sendiri adalah sebuah jenis teks yang berusaha menggambarkan sesuatu seperti benda, manusia, tumbuhan, hewan dan lain sebagainya yang masih sangat umum.

Tujuan Report text adalah untuk menggambarkan mengenai sesuatu secara sederhana yang merupakan hasil observasi atau penelitian dan analisa secara sistematis. Intinya teks report berisi fakta-fakta sebuah objek yang bisa dibuktikan secara ilmiah.

Pengertian Report Text: Generic Structure of Report Text

Susunan umum atau Generic Structure terdiri dari urut-urutan sebagai berikut:

  1. General Clasification
    Pernyataan umum yang menerangkan subjek laporan, keterangan, dan klasifikasinya.
  2. Description
    Pada bagian ini biasanya memberikan gambaran mengenai fenomena-fenomena yang terjadi, baik bagian-bagiannya, sifat-sifatnya, kebiasaannya, ataupun tingkah lakunya. Intinya adalah penjabaran dari klasifikasi yang disajikan dengan ilmiah.

Pengertian Report Text: Characteristics of Report Text

  1. Karena bertujuan mengungkap gambaran tentang sesuatu berdasarkan kajian ilmiah, maka biasanya menggunakan bahasa ilmiah.
  2. Dan karena berisi fakta ilmiah tersebut, maka report text didominasi oleh simple present tense.
  3. Judulnya akan terlihat umum, seperti Elephant, Soccerball (Bukan nama dari tim sepak bola).
  4. Biasanya disertai gambar, data statistik berupa diagram atau peta untuk meyakinkan bahwa hasil penelitiannya dilakukan secara ilmiah.

Read More : Belajar Grammar dengan Mengenal 16 Tenses

Examples of Report Text


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Elephants are the largest mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea. The species of elephant are traditionally have been recognized, from African elephant (Loxodonta africana) and Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), although some evidence suggests that African bush elephants and African forest elephants are separate species (respectively L. africana and L. cyclotis).

Elephants are scattered throughout in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia. Elephantidae is the only family of the Proboscidea order that is still alive; others, now extinct, members of this order include deinotheres, gomphotheres, mammoths, and mastodons. African male elephants are the largest terrestrial animals that still exist and can reach heights of 4 m (13 ft) and weigh 7,000 kg (15,000 lb).

All elephants have some of the most prominent features of which are the long proboscis or proboscis, which is used for various purposes, especially breathing, lifting water, and grasping objects. Their incisors grow into ivory, which can function as weapons and as a tool for moving objects and digging. The large elephant are flaps their ear to control their body temperature. Their legs that are like pillars can carry a large burden. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs, while Asian elephants have smaller, convex ears or flat backs.


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pict by pexel

Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an even-nailed African ungulate mammals, the highest living land’s animal and the largest ruminant. The species name refers to its camel-like shape and leopard-like coloring. Its main distinguishing characteristics are its very long neck and legs, ossicone like horns, and its distinctive coat pattern. It was classified under the Giraffidae family, along with its closest closest relative, okapi. Nine subspecies are distinguished by their coat patterns.

The giraffes are scattered from Chad in the north to South Africa in the south, and from Niger in the west to Somalia in the east. Giraffes usually inhabit savannahs, meadows, and open forests. Their main food source is acacia leaves, which they trace at heights that most other herbivores cannot reach. The giraffe is devoured by lions; their calves are also the target of leopards, spotted hyenas and African wild dogs.

Adult giraffes do not have strong social ties, although they gather in loose aggregation if they move in the same direction. Men build social hierarchies through “necks”, which are battles where necks are used as weapons. Dominant men have access to marriage to females, who carry the sole responsibility for raising young children.


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pict by pexel

Cats have anatomy with other felids, with a strong, flexible body, quick reflexes, claws that can be pulled sharply, and teeth adapted for hunting small prey. The cat’s senses fit into the crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can speak sounds that are too dim or frequency too high for human ears, such as those made by rats and other small animals. They can see in the dark. Like most other mammals, cats have worse color vision and better sense of smell than humans. Cats, although temporary hunters, are a social and communication species. Closed cats use a variety of vocalizations (mewing, snoring, trapping, hissing, growling, and snorting), as well as cat pheromones and types of language for cats.

Cats have a high breeding rate. Under controlled nurseries, they can be bred and moved as pets, accepted pedigrees, hobbies known as cats like. Failure to control the breeding of domestic cats by sterilizing and buying secondhand household cats has resulted in more lying cats around the world, which requires control of contributions.

Cats have proven to exterminate bird species in certain regions and may have contributed to the successful extinction of island populations. Cats considered important, irresponsible, responsible for the extinction of 33 bird species, and responsible for liars and free cats make some locations unsuitable for introducing introduced species in suitable locations.

Read More : Belajar Grammar dengan Mengenal 16 Tenses


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pict by pexel

Laptop (Notebook) is a personal portable computer that has an open cover that resembles a shell. For small laptops, it is usually called a notebook. Basically, laptops and notebooks are different, but because over time, they have almost the same shape. Then in 2014, laptops with notebooks hardly differed from each other. Laptops are widely used in several places such as in education, workplaces, and for personal multimedia facilities.

A laptop is a combination of several output and input components so as to make a desktop display on a computer. This component consists of a keyboard, display screen, pointing device (trackpad or touchpad), speakers and so on. In the 2016 era, many laptops had microphones integrated with webcams. This type of computer can be charged to charge the battery using an AC adapter that is connected to mains electricity. Laptops have several types and based on hardware specifications. For example, memory capacity and processor speed with a variety of models, types and brands.


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pict by pexel

The universe consists of planets. Planets are objects in the sky that revolve around stars. There are nine planets in our solar system, and these nine planets surround the sun. Names of the planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturnus, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.

Planets travel in orbit around the stars. All the planets in the solar system rotate in elliptical orbits. In other words, the orbit is like a big flat circle. The time it takes for a planet to make a revolution around the sun is called one year.

The Greeks were the first to recognize and give names to several planets. The word Tile planet comes from the Greek word which means wanderer if someone wanders, this means that he goes from one place to another and has no home. The Greeks thought that the planets “roamed” in the sky. However, modern scientists can predict the movements of the planets very accurately.

Read More : Belajar Grammar dengan Mengenal 16 Tenses

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